Analisis Strategi Regulasi Emosi Cognitive Reappraisal untuk Menurunkan Perilaku Cyberbullying

  • Ratna Wulandari Universitas Negeri Malang
  • Nur Hidayah Universitas Negeri Malang
Keywords: Cognitive Reappraisal, Cyberbullying, Emotion Regulation


Cyberbullying is a behavior of intimidating, mocking, humiliating or disturbing others, either individually or in groups conducted in cyberspace such as social media such as facebook, instagram, twitter, BBM, and whatsapp. To be able to reduce the tendency of cyberbullying behavior can be done by way of emotional regulation using cognitive reappraisal strategy, because it is known that the emotional condition can affect individual behavior. Emotional regulation is a process in which individuals influence, control, and adapt their emotions, when they have them, and how they feel and express these emotions at the right level of intensity to achieve a goal. Emotion regulation strategy that can be used one of them is cognitive reappraisal emotional regulation strategy. The purpose of this theory is to examine the application of cognitive reappraisal emotional regulation strategy to decrease the tendency of cyberbullying behavior of students.


Agatston, P. W., Kowalski, R., & Limber, S. (2007). Students’ perspectives on cyber bullying. Journal of Adolescent Health, 41(6), S59–S60. doi: 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2007.09.003

Feinberg, T., & Robey, N. (2009). Cyberbullying. The Education Digest, 74(7), 26-31.

Garnefski, N., Kraaij, V., & Spinhoven, P. (2001). Negative life events, cognitive emotion regulation and emotional problems. Personality and Individual Differences, 30(8), 1311-1327. doi: 10.1016/S0191-8869(00)00113-6

Gross, J. J. (1998). Antecedent-and response-focused emotion regulation: divergent consequences for experience, expression, and physiology. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 74(1), 224-237.

Gross, J. J. (2014). Emotion regulation. New York: The Guilford Press.

Gross, J. J., & Jazaieri, H. (2014). Emotion, emotion regulation, and psychopathology: An affective science perspective. Clinical Psychological Science, 2(4), 387-401.

Gross, J. J., & John, O. P. (2003). Individual differences in two emotion regulation processes: implications for affect, relationships, and well-being. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 85(2), 348-362. doi: 10.1037/0022-3514.85.2.348

Gross, J. J., & Thompson, R. A. (2007). Emotion regulation, conceptual foundations: Handbook of emotion regulation. New York: Guilford Publications.

Hinduja, S., & Patchin, J. W. (2012). Cyberbullying: Neither an epidemic nor a rarity. European Journal of Developmental Psychology, 9(5), 539-543.

Kiriakidis, S. P., & Kavoura, A. (2010). Cyberbullying: A review of the literature on harassment through the internet and other electronic means. Family & Community Health, 33(2), 82-93.

Kowalski, R. M., Limber, S. P., Limber, S., & Agatston, P. W. (2012). Cyberbullying: Bullying in the digital age. New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons.

Mayer, J. D., & Salovey, P. (1997). What is emotional intelligence? In P. Salovey & D. Sluyter (Eds.), Emotional development and emotional intelligence. New York: Basic Books.

Mujiono. (2015). Hubungan antara kemampuan pengelolaan emosi dengan perilaku bullying siswa kelas VIII SMP Negeri 1 Kauman Tulungagung Tahun Pelajaran 2014/2015. (Unpublished master’s thesis) Universitas Nusantara PGRI Kediri, Kediri, Indonesia.

Nisfiannoor, M., & Kartika, Y. (2004). Hubungan antara regulasi emosi dan penerimaan kelompok teman sebaya pada remaja. Jurnal Psikologi, 2(2), 160-177.

Pratisti, W. D. (2013). Peran orangtua dalam perkembangan kemampuan regulasi emosi anak: Model teoritis. Surakarta: Fakultas Psikologi Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta.

Rasyid, M. (2012). Hubungan antara peer attachment dengan regulasi emosi remaja yang menjadi siswa di boarding school SMA Negeri 10 Samarinda. Jurnal Psikologi Pendidikan dan Perkembangan, 1(3), 1-7.

Rice, P. F. (1999). The adolescent: Development, relationship, and culture (9th edition). Needham Heights, MA: Allyn and Bacon.

Salamah, A. (2012). Gambaran emosi dan regulasi emosi pada remaja yang memiliki saudara kandung penyandang autis. Jakarta: Fakultas Psikologi Universitas Gunadarma.

Salovey, P., & Sluyter, D. (Eds.). (1997). Emotional development and emotional intelligence. New York: Basic Books.

Slonje, R., Smith, P. K., & FriséN, A. (2013). The nature of cyberbullying, and strategies for prevention. Computers in Human Behavior, 29(1), 26-32. doi: 10.1016/j.chb.2012.05.024

Smith, P. K., Mahdavi, J., Carvalho, M., Fisher, S., Russell, S., & Tippett, N. (2008). Cyberbullying: Its nature and impact in secondary school pupils. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 49(4), 376-385.

Thompson, R. A. (1994). Emotion regulation: A theme in search of definion. Monographs of The Society for Research In Child Development, 59(2‐3), 25-52.

How to Cite
Wulandari, R., & Hidayah, N. (2018). Analisis Strategi Regulasi Emosi Cognitive Reappraisal untuk Menurunkan Perilaku Cyberbullying. Indonesian Journal of Educational Counseling, 2(2), 143-150.
Theoretical/Conceptual Article