Profil Komformitas Teman Sebaya Berdasarkan Faktor Demografi
PEER PERFORMANCE PROFILE BASED ON DEMOGRAPHIC FACTORS.
The purpose of this study was to determine the conformity profile peers based on demographics socioeconomic status. Participants in this study were 123 students junior high school consist of 39 regulars student and 86 “binalingkungan” (low economic) students. The average age of participants was 12-15 years. This research approach using quantitative approach, types of research using a cross sectional survey. The instruments used was a scale conformity peers who developed the theory Brendt use any form of semantic differential scale with alternative answers 1-6 (1 = very inappropriate, 6 = very appropriate). Data were analysed using analysis Mann-Whitney U with a score of 1488.00 and a significance probability value of 0.414. Because the probability of significance 0.414> 0.05, the results showed that there was no difference conformity peers in the student of low socioeconomic status and students socioeconomic status of middle to top.
Of Cross-Cultural Psychology,20,219–243.
Brendt, T.J. (1979). Developmental changes in comformity to peers and parents. Develop, Psychology, 15, 606-616.
Brown, B.B., Clasen.D.R dan Ficher, S.E. (1986). Perception of peer pressure, peer conformity disposition, and self reported behavior among adolecents. Journal Personal Social Psychology, 22 : 521-530.
Bryan, T., Pearl, R., & Fallon, P. (1989). Conformity to peer pressure by students with learning disanilities : a replication. Journal of learning Disabilities, 22 (7), 458-460.
Cialdini, R.B., & Goldstein, N.J. (2004) Social influences : Compiliance and comformity. Annual Review of Psychology, 55, 591-621.
Cialdini, R. B., Sagarin, B. J., Brock, T. C., & Green, M. C. (2005). Principles of interpersonal inﬂuence persuasion: Psychological insights and perspectives (2nd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications Inc.
Cohen, G. L., & Prinstein, M. J. (2006). Peer contagion of aggression and health risk behavior among adolescent males: an experimental investigation of effects on public conduct and private attitudes. Child Development, 77(4), 967–983.
Duan, L., Chou, C., Andreeva, V., & Pentz, M. (2009). Trajectories of peer social influences as long-term predictors of drug use from early through late adolescence. Journal of Youth & Adolescence, 38(3), 454-465. doi:10.1007/s10964-008-9310-y
Gerungan, W.A. 2010. Psikologi Sosial. Refika Aditama: Bandung.
Gudykunst, W., Yoon, Y., & Tsukasa, N. (1987). The inﬂuence of individualism-collectivism on perceptions of communication in ingroup and outgroup relationships. Communication Monographs, 54, 295–306.
Killen, M., Crystal, D.S., & Watanabe, H. (2002). Japanese and American children’s evaluating of peer exclusion, tolerance of differeces, and prescriptions for conformity. Child Development, 73 (6), 1788-1802.
Lease, A.M & Axelrod, J.L. (2001). Position in the peer group’s perceived organizational structue : relation to social status and friendship. Journal of Early Adolescence, 21 (4), 377-404
Lefcourt, H.M. (1966). Internal versus external control of reinforcement : A review. Psychology Bulletin. 65, 206-202
Lombardi, D.N. (1963). Peer group influences on attitude. Journal of Educational Sociology, 36 (7), 307-309.
Lopez, M.P.S., Flores, I.C., Dresch, V., & Garcia, M.A. (2009). Conformity to feminime gender norms in the spanish popuation. Social Behaviour and Personality, 37 (9), 1171-1186.
Masland, L.S., & Lease, A.M. (2013). Effect of achievement motivation, social identity, and peer group norms on academic conformity. Social Psychhology Education, 16, 661-681, doi 10.1007/s11218-01309236-4.
Matsumoto, D. (1990). Cultural similarities and differences in display rules. Motivation and Emotion, 14, 195–214.
Mőnks, F.J., Knoers, A.M.P., Haditono, S.R. 2004. Psikologi Perkembangan. Gadjah Mada University Press : Yogyakarta
Myers, D.G. (2010). Social Psychology (10th ed.). New York : Mc Graw-Hill.
Nesdale, D., Mass, A., Kisner, J., Durkin, K., Griffths, J., & Ekberg, A. (2007). Effect of peer group rejection, group membership, and group norms, on children’s outgroup prejudice. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 31 (5), 526-535.
Peak, L. (1989). Learning to become part of the group: The Japanese child’s transition to preschool life. Journal of Japanese Studies, 1, 93–123.
Santor, D.A., Messrvey, D., & Kusumkar, V. (2001). Measuring peer pressure, popularity, and conformity in adolescent boys and girls : predicting school performance, sexual atttitudes, and substance abuse. Journal of Youth and Adolesence; 29, 2 page 163.
Santrock, J.W. 2002.Life-Span Development (Perkembangan Masa Hidup). Erlangga: Jakarta
Sarwono. W.S. 2005. Psikologi Sosial: Psikologi Kelompok dan Psikologi Terapan. Jakarta : Balai Pustaka
Shi, B., & Xie, H. (2012). Socialization of physical and social aggression in early adolescents’ peer groups: High-status peers, individual status, and gender. Social Development, 21(1), 170–194.
Song, G., Ma, Q., Wu, F., & Li, L. (2012). The psychological explanation of conformity. Social Behavior and Personality: An International Journal, 40(8), 1365. doi:10.2224/sbp.2012.40.8.1365
Tolley, A.R. (2015, November 2015). Conformity: Drug and Alcohol Abuse
within Adolescent Communities. Diunduh pada http://www.lmunet.edu/uploads/ctle/Tolley,%20A.%20FINAL%20VERSION%20QEP%20Award%20(2.27.13).pdf
Triandis, H. (1995). Individualism and collectivism. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.
Werrbach, G. B., Grotevant, H. D., & Cooper, C. R. (1990). Gender differences in adolescents’ identity develop- ment in the domain of sex role concepts. Sex Roles, 23521–530.
Zhang, J & Thomas, D.L. (1994). Modernization theory revisited : a cross-culture study of adolescent conformity to significant others in mainland China, Taiwan, and the USA. Adolescence; Winter 1994; 29, 116; page 885.
Copyright (c) 2020 Ranni Rahmayanthi, Ilfiandra, Syamsu Yusuf
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.